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Introduction Prelude Aftermath Battle of Ligny Battle of Quatre Bras Battle of Wavre Battle of Waterloo

The Aftermath

After the defeat at Waterloo, Napoleon returned to Paris on 21st June 1815 and began planning his next moves. His plans for further resistance were hostility received by his Generals and advisors and the next day, 22nd June 1815, he abdicated for a second time. Napoleon was persuaded to leave Paris and flee France for the United States.

King Louis XVIII reclaimed the throne on 8th July 1815 and signed the Second Treaty of Paris. This gave some property to the Allies as well as imposed an indemnity of 700 million francs, and 240 million francs in private claims. It also allowed the Allies to occupy France for five to seven years and specifically excluded any Bonaparte from the French throne, in perpetuity.

Napoleon was in intercepted whilst attempting to escape by the Royal Navy and was held prisoner surrendering to them on 15th July 1815 on board HMS Bellerophon. The British imprisoned him until October 1815 when he was exiled to the island St Helena in the South Atlantic under close guard. He Napoleon lived out the remainder of his life writing his memoirs surrounded by a small group of his followers and servants.

On 5th May 1821 Napoleon died. In his will Napoleon requested that he be buried on the banks of the River Seine, but his initial resting place was the valley of the willows on St Helena. In 1840 the French exhumed his remains and they were transported to France where they were entombed at Les Invalides, Paris in sarcophagus. Egyptian porphyry was the preferred stone for the sarcophagus as it was this that had been used for the tombs of the Roman Emperors, but it was unavailable and red quartzite from Finland was used instead.

Today many people visit Les Invalides and file past Napoleon's tomb.

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